A questions was asked about Italian military records. According to “Finding Your Italian Ancestors” by Suzanne Russo Adams, young men were required to serve for two to three years in the Italian army. These records are kept on a provincial level and often have indexes available which makes it easier to identify an ancestor’s place of origin. As a general rule, military records began at or around the time if Italian unification (1860s). In some parts of Italy they date back to the mid-1700s. Two copies are made of these records: one is held at the military district and the other at the county court. After 75 years the records are sent on to the state archives. They can either be a part of state archives or separate from them. If the military records cannot be found at a state archive, they may still be at a military district office. To locate the contact information for a functioning, present-day military office, visit the Esercito Italiano website at www.esercito.difesa.it/root/vario/Distretti.asp> You might have to visit Italy to look for military records or wait until the Family History Library records them on microfilm. They have some records available for various parts of Italy. Search its online catalog by province for Italy.
If you can find a Conscription List (draft list) for your ancestor you will find valuable information including their full name, his birth date and place, parents’ names, profession, education (ability to read or write), whether he was able to serve and the beginning date of military service. The records will include personal details such as height; size of chest; color of hair, skin and eyes, birthmarks; and condition of his teeth. If the person died or immigrated before the age of eighteen, this is also noted on the form. The list in Italian is “lista di leva” or “ registro di leva”. The list began in 1855.